Nevada law considered traffic violations to be misdemeanors. Traffic tickets are separated into three different categories in Nevada, parking violations, non-moving violations, and moving violations.
These are the most minor traffic violations in Nevada. A parking violation can occur from parking in a handicapped spot, parking within 20 feet of a fire hydrant, or parking more than 18 feet from a curb. These types of violations are usually punished with a fine.
This type of traffic violation is in regards to whether the driver is legally authorized to drive. Non-moving violations include driving with a suspended license, driving without a valid license, driving with no proof of insurance, driving with no proof of registration, stopping, parking, or standing in a highway, violating seat belt laws, violating child restraint laws, or handicapped parking. These violations tend to result in either a fine or community service. A non-moving violation grants a judge the ability to charge the violator with up to 6 months in jail, however this is a rare penalty.
Moving violations consist of a driver breaking the law while driving a car. There are several types of moving violations, but some of the more common ones include speeding, driving aggressively, driving too slow, running a red light, running a stop sign, violating the rules of carpool, and tailgating. These violations can result in a fine, a requirement of the defendant to complete traffic school, or, in rare cases, up to six months in jail and/or a $1,000 fine.
Nevada has a demerit point system that tracks how well you are driving. Depending on the severity of your offense, you will receive a varying amount of demerit points for certain traffic violations. Demerit points are removed 12 months after your conviction date, but the convictions will permanently stay on your driving record.
Judges tend to be more willing to dismiss or reduce a traffic violation if the defendant is represented by an attorney. Furthermore, a defendant who hires an attorney does not have to appear in court. Most traffic violation cases do not reach trial and usually result in a plea bargain.